The SAT: Questions and Answers
What Is the SAT?
The SAT Acumen Analysis is this nation's oldest, best broadly acclimated -- and abolished -- academy access exam. The SAT is composed of three sections, "Critical Reading," "Mathematics," and "Writing," anniversary denticulate on a 200-800 point scale. The 171 questions are about all multiple-choice; the assay now includes one abrupt essay, and ten algebraic questions crave acceptance to "grid in" the answer. By design, the analysis is "speeded" which agency that abounding analysis takers are clumsy to accomplishment all the questions.
The SAT Accountable Tests, aforetime "Achievement Tests", are one-hour accountable exams, absolutely in a multiple-choice format. The Educational Testing Service (ETS), beneath arrangement to the Academy Board, is the primary ambassador and ambassador of the SAT. Pearson Educational Measurement is amenable for scoring multiple-choice items and the essay.
Examples of Misuse:
Several states appoint SAT minimum account requirements on acceptance acquisitive to authorize for taxpayer-funded scholarships. Application absolute array for such high-stakes decisions is a bright abuse of the test-makers' guidelines. This convenance disproportionately impacts boyhood acceptance who as a accumulation tend to account lower than white acceptance on the SAT. The aftereffect is these acceptance lose out on millions of dollars in banking assistance.
National Merit Scholarships use Preliminary SAT (nearly identical to the SAT) array as the sole archetype to baddest semifinalists. The resultant basin has historically been predominantly macho because boys account academy on the PSAT alike admitting girls acquire academy grades in aerial academy (and college). In 1993, FairTest filed a complaint with the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) charging the test-makers with illegally acceptable gender bias. As allotment of a adjustment with OCR, ETS and the Academy Board agreed to add a new multiple-choice "writing" basic to the PSAT. This simple change in analysis architecture decidedly added the allotment of National Merit semifinalists who are female, but girls are still cheated out of a fair allotment of awards by bent in the abandoned portions of the exam.
Gifted and Accomplished Programs:
Many appropriate programs for the "gifted and talented," such as the Johns Hopkins Center for the Advancement of Academically Accomplished Youth, use the SAT or agnate tests to baddest participants. Not surprisingly, girls and minorities are generally underrepresented in these accelerated programs.
The SAT consistently under-predicts the achievement of females in academy and over-predicts the achievement of males. Although females acquire academy grades in aerial academy and college, their SAT array were 26 credibility lower in 2006. Academy Board analysis has apparent that both the Critical Reading and Algebraic portions of the analysis under-predict girls' academy performance. A 1994 ETS abstraction begin that, on average, males denticulate 33 credibility academy on the SAT-Math than females who acquire the aforementioned grades in the aforementioned academy algebraic courses. Analyses of SAT gender bent adduce several causes including the test's accent on acceleration over abiding acumen and its multiple-choice format. Mathematics tests in added countries that crave solutions to continued problems appeared aloof with account to gender.
The accelerated attributes of the SAT imposes an arbitrary accountability on acceptance for whom English is not the aboriginal language. Analysis suggests that the SAT does not adumbrate Hispanic students' first-year academy grades as accurately as it does white students' grades. One abstraction begin that alike for bilingual acceptance whose best accent was English the SAT underpredicted academy performance.
Impact of SAT Use on Minorities
African American, Latino, new Asian immigrant and abounding added boyhood test-takers account decidedly lower than white students. Rigid use of SATs for admissions will aftermath apprentice classes with actual few minorities and with no apparent accretion in bookish quality. The SATs are actual able at eliminating academically able boyhood (and low-income) acceptance who administer with able bookish annal but almost low SAT scores. Colleges that accept fabricated the SAT alternative address that their appellant pools are added assorted and that there has been no bead off in bookish quality.
Stereotype Vulnerability: What's the Alternative?
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Several studies appearance that changeable and boyhood acceptance who are acquainted of ancestral and gender stereotypes account lower on tests such as the SAT that acceptation to admeasurement bookish aptitude. One abstraction authentic this added accountability borne by some test-takers as "stereotype vulnerability," and warned that these allegation "underscore the crisis of relying too heavily on connected analysis after-effects in academy admissions or otherwise."The added than 740 colleges and universities that already accept abundant numbers of apprentice applicants after application any analysis array accept apparent that chic rank, aerial academy grades, and accuracy of classes taken are bigger accoutrement for admiration academy success than any connected test. The ACT and SAT Accountable Tests are generally beheld as alternatives to the SAT. While they are added carefully accumbent with aerial academy curricula, they are not necessarily bigger tests.
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